Student Json Example

The output of the this example will be 'Student "John" has 4 ratings'. So the response we are getting from the above URL is a JSON Array []. This is a tool designed to help students and novice programmers learn to navigate nested data structures - in particular, how to access information from a parsed JSON object returned from an API call. simple to read and write JSON data from / to …. The program that receives the JSON would read it as an object, when in fact it is not one. The symbols True and False are represented in JSON as the values. …I brought up Sublime Text here,…and I'll type in an example JSON file…that captures information about a song. " The pairs for JSON are at the right. Sample Program: public class Student. ) Compiling and running a java program. JSON Stand for JavaScript Object Notation. The Dummy Rest API with demo. json file free download - Json Into Csv for Windows 10, Json Into Xml for Windows 10, JSON To CSV Converter Software, and many more programs. there are many data type is available in JSON. Here is the file type: $ file sample. Flask Framework: JSON Example. Password requirements: 6 to 30 characters long; ASCII characters only (characters found on a standard US keyboard); must contain at least 4 different symbols;. It is usually used when data is received from external source and parse data in it. Hi Team, I need to have a simple example of the below 1) Simple JSON example with Servlet 2) Fileupload using JSON & Servlet. Deserialize method. In this tutorial, we show you how to create a simple Restful web services CRUD example in java using Spring MVC return json. Configuration options allow you to customize the generator output, for example to favour complex types or elements. Identity and graphic design by Jerel Johnson. DeserializeObject and returning the object. I found JSON. For example, the Webtrends analytics platform uses periods in most of their analytics query string values. Section 4 shows the data models that are required to be bound. json file which will have a json representation of Student object. For example, let's say you were processing some lines of data that contained student names and their grade. Parse(JSON String) - Converts JSON string into object which can be used to access the data. " The pairs for JSON are at the right. In the example below we convert a Python object to a JSON object. com) A personal XDI identifier represents a new form of digital identity for individuals. JSON objects are surrounded by curly braces {}. • String has a sequence of none or more than zero double quoted Unicode characters with backslash escaping. NET is a third party library which helps conversion between JSON text and. Json to the C# project; Create a C# class and a method accepting JSON as argument (or reading it from somewhere), serializing it to objects with JsonConvert. simple, is a simple Java library for JSON processing, read and write JSON data and full. I'm going to use this file as an example for this. So for example, a single string or number would be a valid JSON object. To demonstrate JSON serialization, I have created a student class with Roll number, Name, Address, and other properties. Return student registration. The nature of populating JSON data into that CLOB field is dynamic. Each object can have different data such as text, number, boolean etc. Application use data with comma or semicolon separator. hi,thanks for a reply. A Depth of “4” correctly creates the array in this example, as the value is 4 sub-sections in to the JSON document. StudentDetails. Flask Framework: JSON Example. You can browse the current catalog for APIs, but expect this listing to grow as agencies include more of their APIs as part of their data. It shows your data side by side in a clear, editable treeview and in a code editor. Jersey uses Jackson to convert object to / form JSON. Client code that uses the MATLAB Production Server RESTful API and JSON Representation of MATLAB Data Types can be written in web-based languages such as JavaScript ® and embedded in HTML pages. I am verifying certain codes that work well and I don't know what else to optimize in them or what other tests to do: in this case it is a php script that takes the data of the $_POST variable analyzes them and converts them into an array, this is since in some cases the post field may contain a JSon string. For example, we can create one JSON object on our web application and share it with an Android or iOS application. You can build. In this example, we've created Student class. JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) is a format to keep and exchange information that is readable to humans. parse method. Let’s take simple JSON example with RESTEasy + Jackson , Resteasy uses Jackson JSON parser to convert object from JSON object and JSON to object automatically. ], based on Content-Type header in Http request. The BLS Public Data API can support any language that uses JSON output format. This site also describes how I created the JSON web services used in this demo, and gives examples of using such data in jqGrid, and in an iPhone app using XCode. My issue is that the only example/tutorial I seen that works, dosent really show how it works or how to implement it to what is needed. Then we can retrieve values by passing key names. Each object can have different data such as text, number, boolean etc. Are you one of our students? Do you have a concern? You can voice out your concern to us, we will. In this example, we do not want the response cached and thus the Cache-Control HTTP header is set. 1 Rationale. JSON Example. Note: If Web API returns status code 429, it means that you have sent too many requests. It's main file type association is the Mozilla Firefox Bookmarks Backup format, but also includes one other rarely-seen file types. Example code The example demonstrates how we can split a heterogeneous batch request for 2 apis (urlshortener and zoo) into 2 homogeneous batch requests. Apache NetBeans is free and open source and is governed by the Apache Software Foundation. simple, is a simple Java library for JSON processing and full compliance with JSON specification (RFC4627). Json with support for a reader/writer, a document object model (DOM), and a serializer. The Internet Media type for JSON is. The numbers in the table below specifies the first browser version that fully supports the JSON. studentnames[0] gets the first student name value in the array regardless of the number of values in the array. By early 1940, before America's entry into World War II, Rogers is a tall, scrawny fine arts student specializing in illustration and a comic book writer and artist. Application convert data from CSV (Comma-separated values) file to JSON format. At the server side, if ASP. In this tutorial, you will learn to parse, read and write JSON in Python with the help of examples. You will learn. json file looks like this:. In this post I am explaining how to use JSON with Ajax. jq is its own programming language. 5 amy chen 22 3. NET objects. Introduction. net and also show you how to convert JSON String to DataTable in ASP. To demonstrate JSON serialization, I have created a student class with Roll number, Name, Address, and other properties. Parsing JSON is not simple - not even when you know the structure you're parsing against. Sample Code. The easiest way to use view formatting is to start from an example and edit it to apply to your specific field. In the example below we convert a Python object to a JSON object. The nature of populating JSON data into that CLOB field is dynamic. In this tutorial we will learn How to Automate REST API JSON Schema Validation testing using Postman. So the basic idea is to have a main json file that is loaded, then inside it is a value to load the next file, for example I have a current json file contents -. In the above example, Name is a string type and contact is a number type. In this short tutorial, you will see how to use features built-in to the. In this tutorial, you will learn to parse, read and write JSON in Python with the help of examples. Summary I hope this tutorial is useful for all readers. com Tel: (707) 827-7019 or 1-800-889-8969 Mon-Fri, 1am–5pm Pacific Time, excluding US holidays. XML is more extensible and complicated. Learn Java by Examples Java technology blog for core java concepts and coding best practices, and sharing knowledge for spring, struts, JAX-RS, Log4j, JUnit, Maven, Hibernate Pretty print JSON in Java (Jackson). You can create and publish a ColdFusion component or any functions in a component as REST resource. A common problem for developers is a browser to refuse access to a remote resource. The columns in the table are dynamically created based on the columns. Pre-erquisite: Convert Java Object to Json String Using GSON. In this post, we will see Spring Restful web services json example. simple Java library for reading and writing JSON data into a file. It contains details of the endpoints that the API offers, and examples of how to use it. 53 you do not need a special library to make this happen. Suppose you want to store details of 500 employees. It shows your data side by side in a clear, editable treeview and in a code editor. It must have the same name as that of the class and have no return type. The Mozilla JSON files contain a backup copy of the bookmarks that have been created by a user who is using the Firefox Internet browser. Constructors can be classified into two types,. Using the Get() method of HttpClient class, you can easily open and read data from a JSON file. Application convert data from CSV (Comma-separated values) file to JSON format. If you would like to access sample code for this blog post, you can find it on github. Android JSON Retrofit Example [Posting JSON to Web] In this video I go over how to post JSON data to a website using Retrofit. stringify() function:. JSON single audio item example This example contains audio content that Alexa plays to the customer. SaltStack intelligent automation delivers event-driven security, cloud and configuration management for the complexity and scale of a software-defined world. The file contains only text and uses the extension. Along with friendly support in the Q&A to help you learn and answer any questions you may have. Sample Program: public class Student. It is commonly used for transmitting data in web applications. JSONParser parse method returns JSONObject. NET applications. • Edit, add, move, remove, and duplicate fields and values. There is an example above you can copy, paste, and edit for your scenarios. It shows your data side by side in a clear, editable treeview and in a code editor. So, in order to get all students and display on a web page, GetAllStudents() function make jQuery ajax call with "GET" as type and url pointing to our Web API service controller i. By continuing to use Pastebin, you agree to our use of cookies as described in the Cookies Policy. there are many data type is available in JSON. What is Unit Testing? How to create a Get REST Service for retrieving the courses that a student registered for? How to write a unit test for Get REST Service? How to create a Post REST Service for registering a course for student?. Unlike a SQL database, there are no tables or records. simple, is a simple Java library for JSON processing and full compliance with JSON specification (RFC4627). This document specifies a vocabulary for JSON Schema to describe the meaning of JSON documents, provide hints for user interfaces working with JSON data, and to make assertions about what a valid document must look like. json file which will have a json representation of Student object. All statements in square brackets are value of “students” key. Since the self is the most difficult critic, my. \r \t\t" I hope you know about the JSON. JSON is a lightweight open format designed for human-readable data exchange. JSON & JavaScript: JSON is considered as a subset of JavaScript but that does not mean that JSON cannot be used with other languages. simple parser instead of the org. json: ASCII text Sample json file: download here. This example show you how to convert Java collections object into JSON string. The method JSON. See Example below,. PHP Project for students available in PHP Student can free download php project with source code , PHP projects synopsis and Project report with ease of understanding which help the students to give the primary idea before starting of Project. Each key/value pair is separated by a comma. Validating Data With JSON-Schema, Part 2 When you're dealing with complex and structured data, you need to determine whether the data is valid or not. The second option is terrible, and I've yet to find an appropriate use case for it. let's serialize a java object to a json file and then read that json file to get the object back. The library provides a powerful framework for authenticating and interacting with APIs and sending network requests with OkHttp. name, field. Let's take a step back and look at the XML to JSON default behavior, then explore how to control the output using /. At the browser side, the data is stored and manipulated as "JavaScript" "JSON objects". To see only teacher-led projects, set it to false. This is similar to the tags used by XML. You can browse the current catalog for APIs, but expect this listing to grow as agencies include more of their APIs as part of their data. json sample. JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) is an open, human and machine-readable standard that facilitates data interchange, and along with XML is the main format for data interchange used on the modern web. Besides my playing around with Android and XML-RPC, here is a simple JSON parsing example that might get you started with more serious things. Most of them must be kept identical, except for a couple that optionally might appear in the payload, and if so should be renamed. Here is the file type: $ file sample. However, using a String as a reference type to illustrate the concept of array of objects isn't too appropriate due to the immutability of String objects. Characters with will have special events and voiced lines. How to create JSON string in C#. NET Core via the AddJsonOptions extension method. load(f) is used to load the json file into python object. The example below assumes that the Spell class shown earlier is included in the namespace. • Change type of values. We can also convert any JSON received from the server into JavaScript objects. JSON is lightweight, simple and easy to read. The examples on this page attempt to illustrate how the JSON Data Set treats specific formats, and gives examples of the different constructor options that allow the user to tweak its behavior. In this post I am explaining how to use JSON with Ajax. A simple example of a student array data in JSON format. JSON parsers that parse and generate JSON data are readily available for most programming languages. However, using a String as a reference type to illustrate the concept of array of objects isn't too appropriate due to the immutability of String objects. NET Core and Entity Framework Core by Carlos Mendible on 11 Jul 2016 » dotNet , dotNetCore Today I'll show you how to create a small console application with a Step by step:. They contain nearly all of the information a Java programmer might need about the various Java library classes. For example, a website can declare that it is associated with a specific Android app, or it can declare that it wants to share user credentials with another website. If the JSON data describes an array, and each element of that array is of a basic type (number, string, boolean, or null): [ 100, 500, 300, 200, 400 ] the JSON DataSet will create a row for each element in the JSON array, and store its value in a column named "column0". Click any format to download a sample file: Web format JSON. In this WCF RESTful service tutorial, I’ll try to explain how we can post JSON data to a WCF RESTful service using jQuery Ajax call with POST type. OK, I Understand. NET support customers are getting today. It must have the same name as that of the class and have no return type. NET applications. BigQuery supports functions that help you retrieve data stored in JSON-formatted strings and functions that help you transform data into JSON-formatted strings. To see only teacher-led projects, set it to false. Each key/value pair is separated by a comma. Process and analyze JSON documents by using Apache Hive in Azure HDInsight. {"widget": { "debug": "on", "window": { "title": "Sample Konfabulator Widget", "name": "main_window", "width": 500, "height": 500 }, "image": { "src": "Images/Sun. The following example shows you how to overwrite the email validator in input[email] from a custom directive so that it requires a specific top-level domain, example. 1 Output (results) [joe smith#3. Attributes may or may not be in quotes. It's great for tutorials, testing new libraries, sharing code examples,. For example: $. Next week will be part 2 of the JSON series in which we will test and then use this schema in concert with the tools that BizTalk Server 2013 R2 provides for consuming JSON content. stringify() is an inbuilt function in JSON which allows us to take a JavaScript object or Array and create a JSON string out of it. NET object property names to the JSON property names. The job title of the person (for example, Financial Manager). Save JSON file example with. Code Examples xiv Changes in This Release for Oracle Database JSON Developer's Guide Changes in Oracle Database 12c Release 2 (12. Instead of referencing each field individually, this example renames two fields in particular and handles the rest without any changes. Its filename extension for written programming code is. - [Narrator] I'll show you examples of JSON files,…one simple, and one more complex. All signatures must include an HTTP type, a RESTful URL, and at least one series ID. An Overview of File Formats JSON. It's main file type association is the Mozilla Firefox Bookmarks Backup format, but also includes one other rarely-seen file types. The Documents module in PeopleTools 8. let's serialize a java object to a json file and then read that json file to get the object back. It then parses some JSON uses JsonToDataType to convert the JSON into usable struct data. The JSON output from different Server APIs can range from simple to highly nested and complex. " The pairs for JSON are at the right. Tips & Tricks. json parser. js MySQL - Node. A collection of name/value pairs. - [Narrator] I'll show you examples of JSON files,…one simple, and one more complex. We are going to use very simple JSON in this tutorial, which contains list of students while each node have id,name,gender and phone attributes of a student. simple Java library for reading and writing JSON data into a file. It’s sort of like a progressive insurance for seminaries in that it helps students compare information on about 30 US seminaries so they can make an informed decision about where to go. ColdFusion 10 lets you create and publish REST (Representational State Transfer) services that can be consumed by clients over HTTP/HTTPS request. The program that receives the JSON would read it as an object, when in fact it is not one. For example, the Webtrends analytics platform uses periods in most of their analytics query string values. Python Tutorial: Classes, Objects, Methods, init and Simple Examples Posted Sep 6 2012 by Brent Salisbury in Programming with 6 Comments Python Tutorial on Classes, Objects, Methods: In this post we will dive into Python classes, methods, objects and using the init constructer to initialize classes. Next week will be part 2 of the JSON series in which we will test and then use this schema in concert with the tools that BizTalk Server 2013 R2 provides for consuming JSON content. gov doesn’t just catalog raw data, it also includes APIs from across government. Application allows you to save output as *. NET framework to serialize objects to JavaScript object notation (JSON). XML is more extensible and complicated. knows: Person : The most generic bi-directional social/work relation. The easiest way to use view formatting is to start from an example and edit it to apply to your specific field. Base64(Data). The JSON file must be named 'Students' to work and must have the JSON extension, otherwise all characters will break and be unable to do anything with thee students when you start the game. Java JSON Tutorial Content: JSON Introduction JSON. JSON is used to send data to and from the server in text format. 0,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-4. toJson(example);. Base64(Signature). This article uses a simple example to answer some common questions when working on JSON objects in jQuery and MVC. JSON Web Tokens (JWT) are used primarily for authentication. when i click on load data, data shows on the browser but when i enter student info and want to add those info into the table, it doesn't appear/ not functioning. Related course: Python Programming Courses & Exercises; Python json dumps. JSON is a lightweight open format designed for human-readable data exchange. you will also learn different forms of storing data in JSON. When making the "Unknowns" come alive they also don't get tails, but Pippi's new hair, Saki's hair, and the drills work, albeit without color to match the drills. It creates a new instance of Spell, and then serializes that object to JSON. Most JSON files can be viewed with twenty-one known software applications, typically Mozilla Firefox developed by Mozilla. CLOB JSON extraction in to table. It is language and platform independent. Now our task is to fetch and parse the above JSON data in our Android Application using the Retrofit Library. Special Halloween Offer Save 20% on all courses by purchasing them now. JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation. JSON is a text based data definition language that defines JSON objects as text pairs. See Example below,. All signatures must include an HTTP type, a RESTful URL, and at least one series ID. To test the application either run the JUnit test CustomerRestServiceTest or run the embedded tomcat server: d:\jaxrs-post-example>mvn tomcat7:run -DskipTests and then run ClientApp main method as separate JVM process. Example: Send HTTP POST Request using HttpClient. For example, appending FOR JSON AUTO to a standard SELECT statement returns the result set in a JSON format. For this example we will use the world_x sample database's countryinfo table. Filed Under: J2EE, Java, JAX-RS, REST Tagged With: @Consumes, JAX-RS, JAX-RS REST, JSON, JSON Example, Rest, XML, XML and JSON Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. jsp" Display "Hello World" in the chosen color using a servlet - in our example it will be "helloWorld. AngularJS is an incredibly powerful library, and I've only scratched the surface of what it can do in this tip. A = load 'students' as (name:chararray, age:int, gpa:float); B = foreach A generate TOMAP(name, gpa); store B into 'results'; Input (students) joe smith 20 3. You will learn. I hope from preceding examples , You have learned how to display JSON data from controller to view in ASP. json: ASCII text Sample json file: download here. They can be used to convert data stored in structs to JSON and the other way around. JSON parsers that parse and generate JSON data are readily available for most programming languages. In this example, we do not want the response cached and thus the Cache-Control HTTP header is set. Example row element GET response via key field Example row element PATCH request Update the Location, LastOccurrence, Acknowledged, OwnerUID and OwnerGID columns of a specific row in the alerts. Before we see the differences between XML and JSON, lets see the example of a JSON file and the same data in XML file. Example field. Learn Java by Examples Java technology blog for core java concepts and coding best practices, and sharing knowledge for spring, struts, JAX-RS, Log4j, JUnit, Maven, Hibernate Pretty print JSON in Java (Jackson). help would be great! Another common option is to store the location of an image inside your. JSON Responses - Data for Education. ObjGen uses a simple shorthand syntax to generate rich and complex JSON data. SaltStack intelligent automation delivers event-driven security, cloud and configuration management for the complexity and scale of a software-defined world. In this tutorial, we will be using the Objectmapper class from the Jackson library. This site uses cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. To learn json using flask,use the below link. check out JSON Data Type for More info. simple, is a simple Java library for JSON processing, read and write JSON data and full. For example,if we have a student registration form it consist a list of university & list of city details and also consist various fields like gender info how we post those parameters by using retrofit. In fact it works well with PHP, Perl, Python, Ruby, Java, Ajax and many more. Also, learn to use comprehension with examples. simple, is a simple Java library for JSON processing and full compliance with JSON specification (RFC4627). 2] [leo allen#2. Learning AngularJS by Example – The Customer Manager Application Monday, September 1, 2014. Its full form is JavaScript Object Notation. knows: Person : The most generic bi-directional social/work relation. The XML or JSON block is defined by an XML schema. For example, if a number or date is stored in a JSON table, you do not need to use the CAST or CONVERT functions for the query to return the actual values. How data is structured: it's a JSON tree. JSON is used to store information in an organized, and easy-to-access manner. A simple example of a student array data in JSON format. …So if we go to View, and under Syntax,…and then JavaScript, there's something for. when i click on load data, data shows on the browser but when i enter student info and want to add those info into the table, it doesn't appear/ not functioning. simple, is a simple Java library for JSON processing, read and write JSON data and full. So the response we are getting from the above URL is a JSON Array []. AsyncTask is used to perform background operations instead of performing in main thread and update the user interface. This is very simple JSON which gives us list of contacts where each node contains contact information like name, email, address, gender and phone numbers. json_body,'$. For example, let's say you were processing some lines of data that contained student names and their grade. JSON Serialization with an Example. For example, if you want to parse files in the JSON data format, you won't find tools in the libraries that you receive when you install the SDK. json parameter mean? Sample genesis json file from How To Create A Should I be an author on another PhD student's paper if I went to. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow. I am trying to parse this json using spath, but this is the 3rd similar example I've tried that is. So the scenario is, I have a struct let's say a ClassRoom struct, and the ClassRoom has many students. The Sample JSON. After defined, JsonConverter attribute for student marks, when it will serialize from json to model at that time it will use integerJsonConverter and consider blank value as null. How to write JSON data to a file in Java : JSON or javascript object notation is a simple form to represent complex data. LINQ to JSON - Parsing, querying, modifying and writing JSON. JSON Example. There are tons of examples of how to use jq to extract data from JSON; this post shows how we use it to modify JSON. Unlike a SQL database, there are no tables or records. Section 4 shows the data models that are required to be bound. Simple CRUD example with Java RESTful Web Service I give you a simple example of RESTful Web Service with the , MOXy is the default JSON-Binding used to. How to Contact Customer Service We would love for you to contact us if you have any questions: Email: [email protected] By default, all API calls expect input in XML format, however if it is more convenient for your application to submit data in JSON format, you can inform the APIs that they will be receiving a JSON-formatted payload by including the following two HTTP header values in the call:. This page will contains all rest service. Sending and receiving data between client and server should be as fast as possible. This permits me to use Invoke-WebRequest and return a JSON formatted string. The Digital Asset Links protocol and API enable an app or website to make public, verifiable statements about other apps or websites. It is language and platform independent. js Examples we shall go through in this Node. JSON Example. StudentDetails. Following is the list of Node. JSON Formatting in Office 365 SharePoint I'm using a SharePoint calendar on a modern SharePoint site. Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. Features • View and edit JSON side by side in treeview and a code editor. title configuration option. In this Spring Boot RESTful Web Services Example, we will learn how to perform CRUD Operations (Create, Read, Update, Delete) using Spring RESTful Web Services with the support of Spring Data JPA. NET framework Dictionary. JSON Example. Along with friendly support in the Q&A to help you learn and answer any questions you may have. when i click on load data, data shows on the browser but when i enter student info and want to add those info into the table, it doesn't appear/ not functioning. To create a CFC as REST web service, specify either. json File Merger - Allows the easy combination of multiple data. This article gives an explanation about how to convert JSON data into the DataTable or DataSet in asp. status table. If a student has graduated from a program, we want to stay in touch with them and want their mailing address to be a required field. Base64(Data). The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: