History And Government Paper One Topics

The differences between the Federalists and the Antifederalists are vast and at times complex. If you resent the very idea of writing a paper – a professional writing service like My Paper Writer Company would be your best option. Popular Topics. Weekly entries with research tips on current topics under health, history, outdoors, politics, etc. Did your teacher forget to give a great topic idea when assigning your argumentative paper? Don’t worry – pick one from 103 interesting persuasive essay topics. 1 million tons of paperboard annually. In 1933, $1 United States Notes were issued to supplement the supply of $1 Silver. Past Exam Papers for: Grade 12, History, set in all years. History’s subject matter is immense, encompassing all of human affairs in the recorded past — up until the moment, that is, that you started reading this guide. Between 200 b. The research paper parallels the writing in professional scholarly history books and articles; the writing is thesis-driven and seeks to prove a point. Conrad Dunagan Chair in Regional and Business History, University of Texas of the Permian Basin, and Diana Davids Olien, Ph. Someone said it the other night at the Service to America medals ceremonies. A research paper is not a report. Congressional Supremacy. Essays must have an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. The use of taxes is one of the government’s favorite ways to make its presence known in the economy. Identify two developments made by the early man during the middle stone age period (2mks) 13. 1 trillion in proceeds of corruption, crime and tax evasion are taken from developing countries every year and invested in Western banks, real estate, and luxury goods. Someone said it the other night at the Service to America medals ceremonies. org news #1094: Jase - Fraud distributes about other companies, I think it is fair to say that the Term Paper is no better! Free Writing, Editing, and Research Help. Research Paper Topics By Subject. Past Exam Papers for: Grade 12, History, set in all years. 30 October 1996. To find reliable websites: Visit the Online Resources for articles from reliable sources. History Questions and Answers - Discover the eNotes. Political essay topics. What is freedom? Is it an absolute right? We are born to become free. I am currently taking a United States History class with Nancy Zens, and a research paper is required for that class. Brief Review in United States History and Government Industrialization of the United States Document-Based Essay. World History for Us All is a national collaboration of K-12 teachers, collegiate instructors, and educational technology specialists. FORM ONE HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT TEACHERS NOTES CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO HISTORY & GOVERNMENT The meaning of History What. Share My Lesson members contribute content, share ideas, get educated on the topics that matter, online, 24/7. Colorado, which joined the union as the 38th state in 1876, is America's eighth largest state in terms of land mass. Topic Selection Paper Assignment Description Description Since the persuasive and advocacy speeches ask you to do something specific with your topic, a bad speech topic can significantly hurt your performance in this course. On-Line Test Preparation. Any history of. This is especially true of the United Kingdom because its history has been very different from most other nations and, as a result, its political system is very different from most other nations too. 13 History Essay Topics That Will Bring Your Essay to Life. Inevitably some parts are left out. So, it's the first day of class and your instructor is busy going over the syllabus and explaining the structure of the course. Also, check out our Outline of the American Revolution. The number of offenders in custody. Political events can have so many causes underneath that are not obvious at all, that a great political expert has to be nearly omniscient to see them all. Weaver are with the Office of Retirement Policy, Office of Policy, Social Security Administration. We aim to support the learning, teaching and research of our users from around the world. Welcome to the A-Level Revision section (AS and A2) of Revision World where we provide free A level revision resources for a range of subjects including: Biology, Business Studies, Chemistry, Economics, English, Geography, History, Human Biology, Maths, Physical Education (PE), Physics, Psychology, Religious Studies (RS), Law and Sociology. A great topic should have some complexity and depth. African American music history can be explored to show how oppression influenced culture. Located in the Rocky Mountain region of. Ogbeidi Associate Professor Department of History and Strategic Studies, University of Lagos, Nigeria [email protected] , A History of American Magazines, Harvard, 1957. Find evidence in support of the view that state governments should have more or less power. * PP = Commonwealth Parliamentary Paper number/year. The Top 27 Most Interesting Research Paper Topics On American Government. Writers can also choose controversial topics, such as the manufacturing and. As such, this assignment is designed to help you select a topic that. Here are 13 history essay topics to help you find the perfect subject for your paper. 7, 2019, rock band Tool's titular single from their new album Fear Inoculum currently holds the title, clocking in at a length of 10 minutes and 23 seconds. with only one question in any research project. Clearly this was not a good time in Presidential history. Regents test takers encounter two types of essay questions in the U. People live in the present. gov is your portal for health related resources and news from the US government. Many of these resources correspond to the American Pageant textbook. Find Kcse Kcse 2016 History And Government Paper 1 previous year question paper. Paper football and government fundamentals – Lesson Plan World history, civics and government. Water Topics When the water in our rivers, lakes, and oceans becomes polluted; it can endanger wildlife, make our drinking water unsafe, and threaten the waters where we swim and fish. Constitution set up a structure of government intended to stand the test of time, and how the compromises they made left some questions unresolved that continue to be debated today. A VERY, VERY SHORT HISTORY. This topic contains 0 replies, has 1 voice, and was last updated by Jerodrova 3 days, 17 hours ago. At that time, Native Americans lived on the land that is now controlled by the United States. When a person finds inspiration, any work or activity becomes not so complicated, but it is done with ease. Great Depression History. Log In; Sign Up; Languages; Subject: History; Any Year; Grade: Grade 12; Entry 1 to. For these reasons, paper currency was held in suspicion and hostility in Europe and America. The official website of the state of Georgia. Here are some basic topics for your political essay. When selecting a research topic in college, one must come up with a topic that is focused on one facet of the subject. Kelley, who served nearly five years in the Air Force, was court-martialed and sentenced to one-year of confinement for assaulting his wife and stepson. There are 25 questions on Paper 3, and you have 2 1/2 hours to answer any three (3) of those 25 questions. World History Research Papers Topics ranging from World Wars to an individual Country's history, Paper Masters helps write great college research papers in world history. By Maria Thomas November 11, And yet, the Narendra Modi government’s sudden move on Nov. People live in the present. Once you use EssayOneDay for your paper writing needs, you won’t need to try any other services! We guarantee first-class work and 100% plagiarism-free papers. American Government Each type of government holds different views as to the role the leaders and citizens should perform in their country. A government essay can make them scrutinize and think on their feet and grow into citizens with civic responsibility. au offers you simple and convenient access to all the government information, forms and services you need. All exams are provided together with the marking schemes. Released on Aug. If you wish to write on a topic not appearing on this list, you must get permission from me first. economic growth of a nation, human development is bound to have an impact on economic growth. Share My Lesson members contribute content, share ideas, get educated on the topics that matter, online, 24/7. It is also more. A gateway to agencies, services, forms, and other information for citizens and business people. These government essays make youngsters active participants in the democratic framework of the country, aware of their government and its policies. Differences in democratic and republican beliefs. Essays will be judged on the depth of their content, the mastery of the topic, and the skill with which they are written. , A History of American Magazines, Harvard, 1957. Detail Sentence 1: The Hall is located in downtown Toronto and is visited by 1 million people every year. Choice of a topic for analysis essay is the first but yet the most important point on how to write an analysis essay. Learn About the Law features informational articles about a wide variety of legal topics, as well as specific information about subjects such as how to hire an attorney and understanding your state's unique laws. Eighteenth Century Sources Which Profoundly Impacted American History One Hundred Documents Pertaining to Africans and Slavery in America Massive collection of primary sources regarding slavery in America. Here are 13 history essay topics to help you find the perfect subject for your paper. The following research paper focuses on both traditional bullying and cyberbullying. The scientific research itself was shaped by many influences, from popular misconceptions to government funding, all happening at once. The PTE essay topics list will be updated as new topics appear in the exam. If you resent the very idea of writing a paper – a professional writing service like My Paper Writer Company would be your best option. World History for Us All is a continuing project. Conspiracy theories abound, and no matter whether you support an individual administration or oppose it, there are no shortage of avenues for a researcher to explore. If you wish to write on a topic not appearing on this list, you must get permission from me first. One of my absolute favorite documentaries about British history was created by the British historian Simon Schama. Many topics for you to try. I'm looking for topics for a 10-12 page research paper covering some aspect of World War One. Underpinning the changes is a particular view of religion. The official website of the state of Georgia. We offer you 100 topics that will help you:. Social history, sometimes called the new social history, is the field that includes history of ordinary people and their strategies and institutions for coping with life. Identify two developments made by the early man during the middle stone age period (2mks) 13. People live in the present. Access to over 105,000 full-length essays, reports and term papers; All essays are original to ExampleEssays. History – key stages 1 and 2 3 Key stage 2 Pupils should continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study. Majestic Documents. Monogamy: Monogamy is that form of marriage in which at a given period of time one man has marital relations with one woman. 1:1 Chromebooks. assign a persuasive essay, this list of 101 persuasive essay topics should be a great resource. Civics teachers often ask students to write term papers on some topic related to the government. The PTE essay topics list will be updated as new topics appear in the exam. Political science is a very complicated one. These are censuses of known surviving copies of early publications, used as rarity guides and general references. How to think up compare and contrast essay topics for high school? This is an issue that often bothers many learners. Maths - GCSE Paper 3 Topic List - Study Help for Edexcel and AQA MezmorisedPotato's Journey to A*A*A 2016 A-Level Exam Threads Directory! Official History Exam Threads Directory 2018 New game - count down to 10 , one post at a time one after the other!. Researching a Topic. Classes of 2015-2017 – Ohio Graduation Tests and end-of-course tests in American history and American. Get help on your essay writing today. From the ideas that you circled, select one to begin your research. Federalist paper Number 51 talked about how to control government by having one. It is necessary that the USA take this role upon themselves in order to protect the world from the many evils that are struggling to do damage to the society in which we live. When selecting a research topic in college, one must come up with a topic that is focused on one facet of the subject. The official website of the state of Georgia. Here are some basic topics for your political essay. History, related to Economics or Geography OR World History, related to Economics or Government/Civics. Identify two developments made by the early man during the middle stone age period (2mks) 13. 5”x 11” sheet of paper for. 30 Great History Research Paper Topics. Term Papers - Thousands of Term papers - writing term papers - The only model term paper catalog listing thousands of term papers written in recent years. Estimated Time Middle school and high school. If you do not want to go into many details, choose one of the easy compare and contrast essay topics. 2004-2005 Essay Contest - Why are some countries rich and some countries poor? The Wealth of Nations: a Primer Introduction Imagine living on a dollar a day. It is a guide to the length of. After all, that’s why the question is an essay question, rather than a true/false or short-answer. All of the students should have copies of the excerpts from the Federalist Papers and the Anti-Federalist Papers as well as the United States Constitution as reference materials. If you manage to do so, your essay will cause emotions, discussions. This page gives an overview of what is required; see Guidelines for answering Paper 1 questions to get more information on what is expected for the different types of question and for suggestions on how to help students develop their source skills. AMHERST — Though the Pentagon Papers were first published in 1971, nearly 50 years later, details of the story are still coming to light. The new topic is announced in early. World History Research Papers Topics ranging from World Wars to an individual Country's history, Paper Masters helps write great college research papers in world history. The American government has always been a hot topic for discussion. World History, related to Geography 3. Freedom is the right to do what one wants,live where he wants,eat what he. In a 1,000-1,250 word essay identify how members of the Foreign Service work with other civilian parts of the U. Finding a topic that you have some personal interest in will help make the arduous task a lot easier, and the project will have better results because of your vested interest. The usual safeguard is to forbid the executive to use emergency powers to suspend, or curtail the power of, either of the other branches of government. Popular Topics. Jaeger, Werner, Aristotle: Fundamentals of the History of His Development, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1948. We offer you 100 topics that will help you:. As a writer, you need to educate your readers on such crucial matters, and one of the effective ways is using argumentative essay topics. Colorado, which joined the union as the 38th state in 1876, is America’s eighth largest state in terms of land mass. There are 25 questions on Paper 3, and you have 2 1/2 hours to answer any three (3) of those 25 questions. Political events can have so many causes underneath that are not obvious at all, that a great political expert has to be nearly omniscient to see them all. Both teachers and students get bored with dull presentation topics. Lend Lease reaps benefit of helping motivated injured workers recover at work. Nathan McAlister, History Teacher, Kansas. Thesis statements provide the main point of your essay and help to keep your writing on topic. collegeboard. Some define freedom as a natural right,the human being is born with. Signed by close to one quarter of the female adult population, the petition was the largest of its kind in New Zealand and other western countries. However, these can still be a useful way to get a better sense of the kinds of papers you'll see for IB History and the types of information you'll be expected to know. Latest PTE Essay Topics. Includes Chapter 2: History of Northern Territory criminal law. Finding a topic that you have some personal interest in will help make the arduous task a lot easier, and the project will have better results because of your vested interest. You are welcome to use the best topis in order to write well. ESSAY An effective history essay has three dimensions: a prose structure, thematic insights, and factual-illustrative support. Conspiracy theories abound, and no matter whether you support an individual administration or oppose it, there are no shortage of avenues for a researcher to explore. Outline of the Civil War by Gordon Leidner of Great American History. Supporting academic success and business professionals since 2003. History – key stages 1 and 2 3 Key stage 2 Pupils should continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study. To them, freedom was not a single idea but a collection of distinct rights and privileges that depended on one’s nationality and social status. Get Indian Navy Previous Placement Papers and Practice Free Technical ,Aptitude, GD, Interview, Selection process Questions and Answers updated on Oct 2019. Government intervention is any action carried out by the government that affects the market with the objective of changing the free market equilibrium / outcome. A Collection Of Good Government Term Paper Topics To Explore. Let me repeat: Answer the question. Our brand new library of over 2,500+ GCSE History materials is fully complete and allows you, your colleagues, or your school, to teach every possible topic for all major UK and international exam boards. Read on to learn about potential topics and prep. 2) Gays in the military. They then make a similar mark in the clay for the number counted and recorded. Between 200 b. Many of these resources correspond to the American Pageant textbook. Biographical and Textual Studies. Outline of the Civil War by Gordon Leidner of Great American History. com is a groundbreaking look at the United States UFO program called Majestic and the top secret government documents that tell the story of presidential and military action, authorization, and cover-up regarding UFOs and their alien occupants. Key dates and milestones in the history of the FBI decade-by-decade from 1908 until the present. Research Paper Outline Examples. As such, this assignment is designed to help you select a topic that. Government/Civics17 14% IV. " You choose one aspect and narrow your topic to "The history of the automobile industry in Korea during the Asian Financial Crisis of the late 1990s. Broader topics, on the other hand, cover connections between politics and other institutions like the church, religion, history, philosophy, etc. Topics Food History Innovation Latino History LGBTQ History The Nation We Build Together Women's History See all topics Connect to History O Say Can You See?. essay), without which the essay would not ‘stand’, any more than a human being could stand without a spinal column. A number of Persuasive Essay Topics and Composing Prompts. Visit our resource page to learn more. Here are some basic topics for your political essay. Estimated Time Middle school and high school. Political essay topics. PAPER ASSIGNMENT. Since there are various ideas to consider you can use the list below to help you create an original paper topic of your own 1. While telling a story may sound easy to do, the narrative essay challenges students to think and write about themselves. A lot of times you may need to compose a personal essay. You are here. Here are 13 history essay topics to help you find the perfect subject for your paper. Department of State programs for U. Differences in democratic and republican beliefs. Includes Chapter 2: History of Northern Territory criminal law. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. Most couples are made up of one woman and one man; some are of the same gender; a relative few are polygamous, either group marriages (any gender combination of more than 2 persons), polygynous (one man, multiple women), or -- very rarely -- polyandrous (one woman, multiple men). Firstly, you can be assigned a particular topic. Paper proposals help students by possibly redirecting you away from a potentially unworkable topic and toward one that is. It could be for a simple class assignment, or the requirement for a college application. When selecting a research topic in college, one must come up with a topic that is focused on one facet of the subject. Fortunately we've done the hard work for you and have compiled a list of 113 interesting research paper topics. WEEK 20 WORK Topic 4: The challenge of BC to the Apartheid state The crisis of Apartheid in the 1980s Internal & External Factors. On-Line Test Preparation. I must approve your topic and sources. United States History, related to Government/Civics 2. On Monday night, Vietnam War whistleblower Daniel. Weekly entries with research tips on current topics under health, history, outdoors, politics, etc. Design capacity. And while there’s only a 1/328 chance that one of the GRE writing prompts you practice with ends up being on the test, that’s. How did Homer influence history (and literature), and did he really exist? No, I don't mean Homer Simpson. 2 MB) Scoring Key, Part I (33 KB). It was the Proclamation, moreover, more than any other single wartime event, that transformed a war of armies into a conflict of societies. Finding a topic that you have some personal interest in will help make the arduous task a lot easier, and the project will have better results because of your vested interest. It is easy to integrate debates and discussions into the classroom environment. By controlling the visa process, the federal government can achieve the goals of its immigration policies. At one time, the notes could be A short history of 150 years of paper currency in India. A collection of articles on Russian Revolution topics, prepared by Alpha History authors, focusing on major issues and events from the 1800s to 1924. Research papers on recent events though, especially in the 20th century, can be quite hard to write with the lack of perspective and the differing opinions of experts with regard to. Many on-line exhibits include timelines, photographs and famous speeches. Any errors are the author's own. Emergence of Agriculture. H&P is working in partnership with the Prime Minister's Office and the National Archives to help revitalise the history content of the new History of Government Blog website. Indian economy has successfully navigated the turbulent years of global crisis because of the vitality of its sectors. Federalist papers, series of 85 essays on the proposed new Constitution of the United States and on the nature of republican government, published between 1787 and 1788 by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay in an effort to persuade New York state voters to support ratification. Guide to writing History Essays General paragraph structure Topic sentence Directly answers the essay question (e. 8 MB) Conversion Chart (42 KB) January 2010 United States History and Government Examination (1. by Priscilla Kivuitu, Cleophas Ondieki and Josephine Kioko, ISBN: 9789966362490 SKU: 2010114000210 Star Secondary Revision History and Government Paper 2 fully covers the Themes in World History KCSE Syllabus topics. Conrad Dunagan Chair in Regional and Business History, University of Texas of the Permian Basin, and Diana Davids Olien, Ph. But the struggle of the people to create a government which represents all of us and not just the one percent - a government based on the principles of economic, social, racial and environmental justice - that struggle continues. Let me repeat: Answer the question. While writing a cause and effect essay stick firmly to the correct cause and effect essay outline, since it is one of the key factors in getting a high grade for your paper. Many topics for you to try. The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: an introduction, a body and a conclusion. Your professor may allow parenthetical citations in a short paper with one or two sources, but you should use footnotes for any research paper in history. State of Tennessee - TN. FORM ONE HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT TEACHERS NOTES CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION TO HISTORY & GOVERNMENT The meaning of History What. One of the hardest parts of writing a research paper can be just finding a good topic to write about. If you wish to write on a topic not appearing on this list, you must get permission from me first. I will not accept any papers that have major changes in topic or sources without my prior approval. They plan for and worry about the future. Indeed, it is very important to choose interesting topics for analysis essay. Native American Government: Mississippian Chiefdoms. Macroeconomics research paper topics. Viewing 1 post (of 1 total) Author Posts 29/10/2019 at 10:42 pm #54640 Reply Jerodrova Kurtis Bird from Springfield was looking for help writing u. If you were looking for a specific source and had difficulty locating it, mention it here. au offers you simple and convenient access to all the government information, forms and services you need. Boston Massacre. A history of the Thai monarchy 5. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Sample Papers, Syllabus, Previous Year Question Papers, Model Answers by Toppers, Study Material, Notes, Novels and other important resources for CBSE Board Students are available here. AP* US History. There are many things that go into writing a good source analysis paper. The mark allocation is shown in brackets at the end of each question. See also: History of North America The Pre-Columbian Era is the time before Christopher Columbus went to the Americas in 1492. Argentine paper may not be worth buying at. This Day In History; Schedule; Topics; Stories; Shows; This Day In History Salem Witch Trials. History of Bullying. FREE Download 1000,000+ exams, All subjects from form one to four ,K. Once people hit college, they have a pretty good idea about how the world works and should have some set beliefs and standards based on what they believe to be moral or immoral. Here is a list of 60 best compare and contrast essay topics! Feel free to use them as an idea for your own one! If you need assistance with essay writing contact our support team and we will gladly help you!. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints embraces the book of Abraham as scripture. Thorough preparation for 5-6 of the IB topics should prepare the student for success on the exam. Government intervention is regulatory action taken by government that seek to change the decisions made by individuals, groups and organisations about social and economic matters. It consists of data-based questions, all of which are to be answered. Underpinning the changes is a particular view of religion. Brief Review in United States History and Government Constitutional Foundations for the United States Democratic Republic Document-Based Essay. I taxed my brain to create this huge list of persuasive essay topics relevant to today's society, but I believe I am happy with the results. The number of offenders in custody. But think again! You'll find contrasting characteristics as well as similar characteristics in each individual set. Interesting Debate Topics for College and Beyond. The website is updated daily and visitors can view the previous day's history as well as whatever documents, pictures, or outside information is available for each historical event. For example, the movie Love, Marilyn is a secondary source when the topic is Marilyn Monroe; it would be considered a primary source if the topic of research was the works of Liz Garbus (the film's director). Top 10 Government Essay Topics. Here are 13 history essay topics to help you find the perfect subject for your paper. But sometimes you cannot even think up one sentence. Think about it: if you do not take the time to plan for construction, the house will fall. Therefore, without further ado, right here’s a listing of concerns that could make great writing prompts for the persuasive essay. Congressional Supremacy. (This is why it is advised you pick something from the 20th century - much more access to primary sources). Once people hit college, they have a pretty good idea about how the world works and should have some set beliefs and standards based on what they believe to be moral or immoral. Gray, Criminal Laws Northern Territory, Federation Press, Annandale, NSW, 2004. Thailand's beginning democracy 4. Paper Topics and Opposing Viewpoints Hunger in America, should the government do. Find Kcse Kcse 2016 History And Government Paper 1 previous year question paper. History, however, is the study of the past. Wisconsin's paper industry creates approximately 5. Defining an Essay Topic and Thesis Statement Defining your topic is arguably the most important, and often the most difficult, task in writing an essay. GREAT DEPRESSION. Joining ExampleEssays. 1) The Title. com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on History. A collection of articles on Russian Revolution topics, prepared by Alpha History authors, focusing on major issues and events from the 1800s to 1924. Such types of papers call for an extensive research of the specific government activity and its impact on the lives of ordinary people and government officials. Research Paper Topics By Subject. Defense of Marriage/Gay Rights in Federal or State Law:. The introduction of this dissertation will define the purpose of the study, the research problem, and defines the research objectives, purpose, and limitations. 2004-2005 Essay Contest - Why are some countries rich and some countries poor? The Wealth of Nations: a Primer Introduction Imagine living on a dollar a day. As you can imagine, your argument grows and is refined as you research your. Your professor may allow parenthetical citations in a short paper with one or two sources, but you should use footnotes for any research paper in history. The Emancipation Proclamation, issued on January 1, 1863, profoundly altered the nature of the war and the future course of American history. The project topic home for MBA, MSC, BSC, PGD, PHD final year students: Get free research project topics and materials. Paragraph 5: State how your topic fits into this year’s Contest theme. I was thinking of doing my paper on Britain's motivation for entering the war and the effects that the first world war had on Britain's global empire. Some of the essay topics below may seem to contain subjects that have nothing in common. E past papers, Re-mocks,Mock past papers for all Districts. If you resent the very idea of writing a paper – a professional writing service like My Paper Writer Company would be your best option. Save hundreds of hours in lesson planning!. Essays must have an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Essay Topics Help to choose tips Structure Tools to improve your essay. Home of the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion - health. World History Research Papers Topics ranging from World Wars to an individual Country's history, Paper Masters helps write great college research papers in world history. Like other groups of American Indians, Navajos didn't have overall leaders before they adopted an Anglo-type system of government to fulfill federal requirements. Get Indian Navy Previous Placement Papers and Practice Free Technical ,Aptitude, GD, Interview, Selection process Questions and Answers updated on Oct 2019. com or call +254710984488. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: